December 10, 2023


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What is women’s reservation bill, and why it is in news?#womens #reservation #bill #news

The women’s reservation bill guarantees a 33 per cent quota for women in Lok Sabha and state assemblies.

The five-day special session of Parliament began on Monday. It will continue till September 22. Both Houses were adjourned after a discussion on Parliamentary democracy in the last 75 years. The proceedings will commence on Tuesday afternoon in the new Parliament building. The Union Cabinet on Monday approved the women’s reservation bill, according to sources.

There was demand in both Houses that the Women’s Reservation Bill should be passed by Parliament. The bill guarantees a 33 per cent quota for women in Lok Sabha and state assemblies.

According to the bill or the Constitution (One Hundred and Eighth Amendment) Bill, 2008, one-third of the total number of seats reserved for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes shall be reserved for women of those groups in the Lok Sabha and the legislative assemblies.

Main points:  

  • Reserved seats may be allotted by rotation to different constituencies in the state or union territory.
  • Reservation of seats for women shall cease to exist 15 years after the commencement of this Amendment Act.
  • The bill was first introduced in 1996 and was referred to a Joint Parliamentary Committee. However, it lapsed with the dissolution of the Lok Sabha and had to be reintroduced. It was introduced multiple times and faced lapses in 1998 and 1999.
  • In 2010, the bill was passed in the Rajya Sabha and lapsed in the Lok Sabha. Since then, it has been pending and reservations for women in Parliament are yet to be implemented.

Women’s reservation in Panchayats

The 1992 73rd Amendment Act mandated that one-third of the seats be reserved for women in direct panchayat elections. These reserved seats rotate within constituencies, similar to the proposed 2008 Bill.

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#womens #reservation #bill #news

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